What Is Celiac Disease?
Celiac disease is a genetically linked disease and also called as ‘Nontropical Sprue’ or ‘Gluten sensitive enteropathy’ or ‘Celiac Sprue’. This is an autoimmune digestive disorder. Celiac disease damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption from food.
When a person consumes food containing gluten, this results in the damage of villi or small intestine lining. The damage to the intestinal lining results in failure of absorption of calcium, folate and iron and fat by the body. Gluten is found in some food grains as a form of a protein, as in barley, wheat and rye.
A person is unable to absorb the required amount of Vitamin-D and calcium due to celiac disease. This causes bone weakening and fractures. Other health problems accompanied with Celiac disease include neural tube defects, miscarriage, stunted growth in children and various intestinal cancers. Many researchers claim that celiac disease causes back pain as the body is unable to absorb the nutrients properly.
Symptoms Of Celiac Disease:
In celiac disease, as the body is unable to absorb important nutrients. Fat is the most affected nutrient. Most of the signs of Celiac disease are due to malabsorption of fats.
There are not such typical symptoms and signs of celiac disease. Most people suffering from celiac disease complain-
- Intermittent diarrhea
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Malodorous flatulence
- Increased amounts of fats in stool
- Weight loss
- Irritability is another common symptom
People with celiac disease , sometimes may have no gastrointestinal symptoms at all. These symptoms sometimes can be present with other conditions as gastric ulcers, bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, anemia, parasite infections, skin disorders or a nervous condition.
It can be treated by following a gluten free diet. Oats, Rye and Barley contain Gluten.
Potato, Soy, Rice and Bean flour can be taken instead of Wheat flour.
It is rarely found in Chinese, Japanese and African people. An estimation about one American out of 4,700 have been diagnosed with Celiac disease.